Without any reasonable doubt, the Humpback whale migration is one of the most amazing marine wildlife adventures. Year after year, these magnificent creatures grace the Hawaiian water for the annual winter migration via the North Pacific Ocean. The magical mammals leave the ice-cold waters of Alaska and cascade for 6 to 8 weeks until they reach the Hawaiian waters which are considered to be the most suitable place for mating, calving down and nurturing the little ones.
The mammals arrive in Hawaii in groups. The first lots to arrive are the mother whales nursing newly born calves, then the newly weaned yearlings and juveniles. The adult males follow and then the females who are usually half the number of males. Lastly, the pregnant ones who are left to feed in Alaska till the last minute.
Estimates by scientists indicate that about two-thirds of all Humpback whales population in the Pacific return to Hawaii. They swim over 3,000 miles from Alaska to Hawaii, after which they stay for the lengthy duration, frolicking and entertaining spectators on the shores of Hawaii. Although humpbacks are large creatures that can be viewed all across the Hawaiian island, one of the best spots for humpback whale watching is the shallow Auau Channel.
If you want to see them up close, then whale watching tours are the best. The waters of the Hawaiian Islands form part of the most integral habitat for the Humpback whales. They prefer two spots n Hawaii; the four- island region of Molokai, Maui, Kahoolawe and Lanai, and the scenic Penguin band, which is basically a strip of shallow waters that extend 25 miles Southwest of Molokai. However, in a period of ten years, the whales have managed to spread to the large island, Oahu, and Kauai and Sandy Beach.
Check out whale watching in Maui for more infomation on whale tours.
Humpback Whales Protection
Decades ago, there were plenty of Humpback whales in oceans around the world. However, commercial whaling between the 18th and the 20th century brought down the population. In the 1970s, states around the Pacific decided to institute agreements that will aid in the protection of these creatures. The main agreements include the Marine Mammal Protection Act 1972, The Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species in the Wild Flora and Fauna treaty of 1973 and the endangered species Act of 1973 by the NOAA.
Due to their movement patterns, whales are no longer owned by any jurisdiction and their protection and preservation is an international effort. More than 180 countries have pledged to work together to protect and preserve these endangered species.